Alnus – Monograph

Alnus Mill. – Genus Order: Fagales Engl.Family: Betulaceae GrayTribe: Alneae   The plants belonging to the Alnus genus (World Flora Online counts 46 accepted specie names [WFO]) are deciduous trees or shrubs. Widespread and abundant throughout much of the temperate world, they are sometimes considered weedy in many moister climates. Male inflorescences (catkins) are elongated and pendulous. Female inflorescences are …

Ulmus minor Mill. – Monograph

Ulmus L. – Genus Order: Rosales Bercht. & J.Presl (APG IV), Urticales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl, 1820 (Cronquist)Family: Ulmaceae Mirb.Tribe: Ulmeae According to World Flora Online, the genus Ulmus L. currently includes about 40 species of trees [WFO], which are generically called elms, mainly found in the temperate and tropical-mountain regions of Eurasia and North America.   Ulmus minor …

Polygonum aviculare – Monograph

  Polygonum L. – Genere   Order: Caryophyllales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl (APG IV), Polygonales (Cronquist) Family: Polygonaceae Juss. Tribe: Polygoneae   Polygonum aviculare L. Primary functionality: Saturn [Culpeper, Junius] Secondary functionality:   Nature: Cold in the 2.nd degree (or beginning of the 3.rd) and rather dry [Mattioli]Cold in the 1.st degree and dry in the 2.nd [Salmon] Taste: …

Paeonia L. – Monograph

Ordine: Saxifragales Bercht. & J.Presl Famiglia: Paeoniaceae Raf. Tribù: Paeonieae   The genus Paeonia, previously belonging to the Ranunculaceae family but now assigned to the Paeoniaceae family (of which it is the only genus), currently includes over thirty species (accepted names) (according to [WFO]). They are generally herbaceous plants provided with rhizomes and/or fleshy or swollen roots [WFO], even if …

Parietaria L. – Monograph

  Order: Rosales Bercht. & J.Presl Family: Urticaceae Juss. Tribe: Parietarieae   According to [WFO], 15 accepted species are currently recognized within the Parietaria genus. They are all herbs, annual or perennial, sparsely to densely pubescent with hairs on all parts of the plant. Though belonging to the Urticaceae family, they are not endowed with stinging trichomes. [WFO]

Ocimum basilicum L. – Monograph

  Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae   The genus Ocimum belongs to the family Lamiaceae, which includes most popular herbs/shrubs known for their medicinal properties and aroma profile. Due to the important morphological as well as chemical variability within the genus, its taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships are still debated. Moreover, the existence of chemotypes within single species increases the complexity to …

Bellis L. – Monography

Bellis perennis

  Order: Asterales Link Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (o Asteraceae Martinov; syn. Compositae (nom. cons.) Giseke) Subfamily: Asteroideae (Cass.) Lindl. Tribe: Astereae Cass. Subtribe: Bellidinae Willk.   Daisies (Bellis perennis L., Bellis sylvestris Cirillo and Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.) have been used as medicinal plants since ancient times. In the European traditions they have been used in a more or …

Ilex L. – Monography

  Order: Aquifoliales SenftFamily: Aquifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl Ilex is a genus comprising over 560 species of flowering plants in the family Aquifoliaceae, and it is the only living genus in that family. The Ilex species are evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from tropics to temperate zones worldwide. The type species is Ilex aquifolium, the common European holly. …

Eryngium L. – Monography

  Order: Apiales (APG IV, Cronquist)Family: Apiaceae Lindl. With approximately 250 species distributed in Eurasia, North Africa, North and South America, and Australia (with the center of diversity in South America), Eryngium L. is the largest and arguably the most taxonomically complex genus of the family Apiaceae. Like many other members of the celery or carrot family, Eryngium has been …